Robert Capa was born in the capital of Hungary, Budapest on 22nd October 1913. Capa was a war photographer and a war photojournalist . As a war photographer, he took pictures in five different wars including; The Spanish Civil War, the Second World War, the second Sino-Japanese war, the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and finally the first IndoChina war. His most famous picture is “The Falling Soldier”. The picture of the falling soldier captures the exact moment that a Republican soldier was shot dead in the Spanish Civil war. Robert Capa also took many iconic pictures during World War 2. Many of them being taken on 6th June 1944 (D-Day). Capa’s pictures taken on this day are known as the magnificent eleven. Capa was sent along with the second wave of American troops during the allied invasion on Omaha beach. Despite being constantly under fire, he managed to take 106 pictures but all were destroyed apart from the magnificent eleven.
Nick Brandt was born in London, England back in 1966. The majority of Brandt’s pictures are taken in East Africa. hey are also taken in black and white, which is the opposite to the normal, colourful wildlife photography. Nick Brandt does not use telephoto or zoom lenses. His work consists of panoramas of animals within dramatic landscapes. He also said once to explain not using any zoom lenses “You wouldn’t take a portrait of a human being from a hundred feet away and expect to capture their spirit” Although all of his pictures that have been taken in East Africa were taken in this century, his photos look very old and almost as if these animals are on the brink of extinction or possibly already extinct. Brandt’s goal was to record a last testament to the wild animals and places there before they are destroyed by the hands of man. These goals are reflected in the way that the 4 pictures i’ve shown are taken in the sense that it does kind of show the destruction and extinction of these particular animals.
David Bailey was born on the 2nd January 1938 in London, England. He became a fashion photographer for British Vogue magazine in 1960. Whilst teaming up with Terence Davidson and Brian Duffy, David Bailey helped create and capture the “Swinging London” of the 1960’s. Just like Eve Arnold, David Bailey pictured many inspirational figures in the second half of the twentieth century. These celebrities include; The Beatles, Mick Jagger, The Krays, Jack Shrimpton and many more. In 1966, the film Blowup, directed by Michealangelo Antonioni, was released. David Bailey’s journalistic career was the inspiration behind the making of this film. The film depicts the life of a London photographer, which was played by David Hemmings. Then, in 1971 David Bailey had his first museum exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery in London. Since the turn of the century, Bailey has picked up several awards and honours. In 2005, he was awarded The Royal Photographic Society’s Centenary medal and honorary fellowship in recognition of a sustained, significant contribution to the art of photography.
Eve Arnold was born on the 21st April 1912 and died at 99 years of age on 4th January. She was also born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Eve Arnold was one of many of the iconic figures that helped to shape the second part of the twentieth century. Perhaps Eve Arnold’s most iconic and famous picture was a selection of images taken of Marilyn Munroe on the set of Misfits way back in 1961. She also photographed many more famous people in the second half of the twentieth century. These famous people include; Marilyn Munroe, Malcolm X, Queen Elizabeth II, and John Crawford plus others. Despite all this, Eve Arnold went on to travel the world. Her travels took her to many places such as; Afghanistan, Cuba, China and even Mongolia. She managed to collect a series of pictures of young women training to be horse riders in the national militia.
Ansel Adams was born on the 20th February 1902 and sadly died on 22nd April 1984 at 82 years of age. Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist who took pictures of the American West. A lot of his pictures taken in the west were more specifically taken in the Yosemite National Park. Adams also helped the development of the ‘Zone System’ as a way to determine proper exposure and to adjust the contrast of a final print. The resulting factor characterized his photos and many other photographers photos that are famous today. Ansel Adams produced his first portfolio in 1927 and called it ‘Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras’. This was done in his then new style which included perhaps his most famous picture ‘Monolith, the face of half dome’. His reputation grew massively in between 1929 and 1942 and during this time, he broadened his skills and knowledge by focusing on detailed close-ups as well as large forms, from mountains to factories. He then began to publish instructional books and essays on photography and becoming a photographer. Finally, Ansel Adams photographed life in camps for a photo essay on war time injustice after internment of the Japanese during the second World War.